A camera that takes continuous pictures and generates a signal for display or recording. It captures images by breaking them down into a series of lines. For example, NTSC, the U.S. and Canadian analog standard uses 525 scan lines. Each line is scanned one at a time, and the continuously varying intensities of red, green and blue light across the line are filtered out and converted into a variable signal, which is most often converted to digital.|
Although many models of analog camcorders and equipment are still available, the industry has long since switched to digital for video capture. See DV, AVCHD, digital camera, camcorder, video/TV history, NTSC and DTV.
This RCA video camera from 1939 used the all-electronic Iconoscope picture tube, but did not even have a viewfinder. That came later. Videotape recording would not come until 1956. (Image courtesy of Early Television Foundation, www.earlytelevision.org)