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A federal jury deliberating Oracle's copyright-infringement charges against Google has delivered something of a muddled verdict, finding that Google infringed some copyrights that protect Oracle's Java technology but deadlocking on the key question of whether Google's actions constituted "fair use."
While Oracle had been seeking $1 billion or more in damages in the trial, in which the company claimed that Google improperly used Oracle's Java technology in the Android mobile operating system, the jury's verdict could mean that Google will only have to pay a relatively small penalty.
The jury had deliberated for about a week following the two-week trial that began April 16 in U.S. District Court in San Francisco. Late last week there were reports that the jury was deadlocked on at least one of the questions in the case.
Google moved to have the judge in the case declare a mistrial because of the impasse over a key issue the jury failed to resolve, according to the San Jose Mercury News. The story said the judge in the case, U.S. District Judge William Alsup, would hear arguments on that motion later this week, as well as consider a motion from Oracle asking the judge to deliver his own finding in the case.
Both sides moved quickly to declare victory.
"Oracle, the nine million Java developers, and the entire Java community thank the jury for their verdict in this phase of the case," the company said in a statement. "The overwhelming evidence demonstrated that Google knew it needed a license and that its unauthorized fork of Java in Android shattered Java's central write-once, run-anywhere principle. Every major commercial enterprise -- except Google -- has a license for Java and maintains compatibility to run across all computing platforms."
"We appreciate the jury's efforts, and know that fair use and infringement are two sides of the same coin," Google said in a statement. "The core issue is whether the APIs [application programming interfaces] here are copyrightable, and that's for the court to decide. We expect to prevail on this issue and Oracle's other claims.''
The jury will now hear evidence in the next phase of the case in which Oracle charges that Google violated several Java patents. The awarding of damages, if any, will be determined in the trial's third phase.