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IBM, quoting IDC statistics, said in a statement that it now controls 46.3 percent of the Unix market, which is the same share of the market as that of HP and Oracle combined.
That Unix strength gave IBM a 64.7-percent share of revenue in the over-$250,000 server market, IBM said in its statement.
For the third quarter, Windows-based servers accounted for 49.7 percent of total server revenue, while Linux-based servers accounted for 18.6 percent, IDC said.
One real bright spot for the server industry in general and for HP in particular was the blade server business. IDC reported that blade server revenue in the third quarter rose 16.4 percent, while blade server shipments grew 2.4 percent. That resulted in a strong growth in average selling prices.
HP kept is number one position in blade servers with a 51-percent market share, followed by IBM at number two with an 18.5-percent share, Cisco with a 10.7-percent share, and Dell with a 7.2-percent share.
Cisco's rise to the number three blade server vendor is noteworthy given that Cisco entered the market with its UCS platform less than three years ago.
Revenue for x86-based servers worldwide grew 6 percent to $8.7 billion, IDC said. HP remained the overall market leader with a 35.8-percent market share despite a 0.2-percent drop in revenue over last year. It was followed by Dell with a 22.1-percent market share coming off a 13.1-percent growth in revenue, and IBM with a market share of 17.7 percent, IDC said.