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The one common denominator among those in favor of the Lieberman Collins bill and those opposed to it seems to be an emphasis on public-private cooperation.
"We need to modernize our cybersecurity laws, for sure," said Andrew Jaquith, chief technology officer, Perimeter e-Security. "Government needs to work with private industry, especially the critical infrastructure sectors. We need to have better sharing without necessarily feeling that you can be sued for disclosing a vulnerability or sharing information. ... So there needs to be some sort of a shield in place in order to get that level of cooperation."
A new round of legislation is not expected before the new Congress is seated.
Meanwhile, Iran, China and other countries have been widely suspected of conducting military operations against the U.S. and against U.S. interests. These concerns are further elevated by extensive speculation that the U.S. and Israel were behind cyberattacks waged against Iran in an effort to eliminate that country's purported nuclear weapons program.
Other warnings have come from ranking administration officials, including U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta and Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano. Meanwhile, General Keith Alexander, who commands the military's Cyber Command, has repeatedly called for increased latitude to conduct activities to defend against potential cyber attacks, leveraging his personnel based at Fort Meade.