Just as important as skills and certifications, respondents felt that an IT security professionals' engagement in peer groups played an important role in their professional growth. As the survey notes, it was "no surprise" (ISC)2 ranked No. 1; however, this was true for both (ISC)2 members and nonmembers. "When asked about affiliations that matter most in career development and resiliency, (ISC)2 was rated the highest, no surprise by (ISC)2 members (74 percent chose extremely critical or critical), but the same is true with non-(ISC)2 members (51 percent chose extremely critical or critical)," the report said. Thirty-two percent of respondents indicated SANS as extremely critical or critical, followed closely by ISACA at 31 percent. Beyond that, 18 percent of respondents said OWASP was extremely critical or critical to a security professional's development, followed by IEEE at 16 percent and CSA Cloud Security Alliance at 13 percent.