Updated international property laws and improved infrastructure pushed Canada upward three notches in the study to the No. 9 position. Although the country has not adopted a comprehensive plan for broadband deployment, the study reports that the current level of penetration is high and continues to improve. Canada has played a key role in the development of international standards and has very strong legislation around privacy and e-commerce. Cybercrime law, on the other hand, is currently lacking, according to the study. Last year, the country adopted new copyright laws, thereby providing protection for online material.