2. Flame Malware Arrives On the Scene
May of 2012 marks the emergence of a new piece of malware that would soon become a household name within the security community. Known by a number of different names, including "Flame," "Viper," and "Skywiper," the bug was first identified in the Middle East and was most notably used against Iran. Capabilities include information theft, the ability to detect more than 100 security products, the ability to scan network resources and the functionality to read screenshots and record voice conversations. It communicates with its command-and-controlled servers over SSH and HTTPS protocols using extensive encryption.