The use of hacktivism, or cyberattacks by groups attempting to further their political agenda, is likely to increase during 2013. By some accounts, these attacks tend to be fairly basic and some predict an actual downturn in their frequency and effectiveness. But others expect that the hacktivists are far more likely to raise the bar as the security technologies strengthen. In many respects, technology functions as an equalizer between well-funded organizations with extensive economic reach and grassroots groups who have far fewer resources at their disposal. This environment tends to support the likelihood of increased hacktivism in the near future. In some cases, nation-states may also become involved as attackers as well as defenders.