10 Tech Companies Bringing Jobs Back To The U.S.

Between 2000 and 2009, 6 million U.S. manufacturing jobs were lost, with many exported to China, India and Taiwan, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Now, a slow but steady trickle of those jobs are headed back to the U.S. at a rate of about 45,000 a year, according to the Reshoring Initiative, an advocacy group for U.S. manufacturers.

The IT industry and solution providers are well positioned to benefit from this onshoring trend, according to Harry Moser, founder of the Reshoring Initiative. High-tech companies can realize economic and competitive advantages other areas of manufacturing can't from the reshoring trend. For high-tech firms, bringing manufacturing back within U.S. borders gives them a competitive edge when it comes to innovation, he said.

Here is a look at 10 high-tech firms that have brought high-tech manufacturing and software development jobs back to the U.S.

Where: Mesa, Ariz., and Austin, Texas

What: Apple will produce laboratory-grown sapphire crystals used in the iPhone 5s fingerprint scanner and lenses for iOS devices. The project is in partnership with GT Advanced Technologies that creates the material.

Apple also said it would partner with Flextronix to assemble Mac Pros in Texas.

How Many Jobs: 700 in Arizona and 1,700 for Mac Pro.

Where: Fort Worth, Texas

What: Google's Motorola Mobility group is working with Flextronics to assemble the Google Moto X smartphone in Nokia's old manufacturing plant.

How Many Jobs: Google said it anticipates its facility will put 2,000 Flextronic and Motorola employees to work.

Where: Morrisville and Whitsett, N.C.

What: Lenovo opened a 240,000-square-foot production facility in Whitsett to assemble and ship Lenovo's Think-branded devices.

How Many Jobs: 115 manufacturing jobs in Whitsett. Lenovo said an additional 185 jobs were added to its Morrisville headquarters to handle customer inquiries and technical support via telephone, email and web chat.

Where: Chandler, Ariz.

What: Intel said in 2011 that it would open a $5 billion chip manufacturing facility called Fab 42.

How Many Jobs: 1,000 new permanent employees.

Where: Malta, N.Y.

What: Chip maker GlobalFoundries is building a $2 billion 565,000-square-foot chip plant called Fab 8.1 that is slated to make microprocessors for Apple.

How Many Jobs: 1,000 permanent jobs.

Where: Vermillion, S.D.

What: In August, Eagle Creek, a business solution provider, said it's bringing jobs previously offshored by other companies back to the U.S. with a new Vermillion Technology Center.

How Many Jobs: 1,000 jobs over the next three to five years.

Where: Winnsboro, S.C.

What: Value-priced TV maker Element started assembling its televisions in the U.S. last year in Detroit. Now Minnesota-based Element said it's investing $7.5 million to open a second flat-screen TV assembly facility in South Carolina.

How Many Jobs: Element said it is "targeting 500 new jobs."

Where: Santa Clara, Calif.

What: Google plans to move part of its Google Glass digital eyewear manufacturing back from China to the U.S. According to reports from The Financial Times, Google will work with Taiwanese contractor Hon Hai Precision Industry (otherwise known as Foxconn) to make Glass eyewear in California. Google in August said that Google Glass would be generally available sometime 2014.

How Many Jobs: Unknown

Where: Milpitas, Calif.

What: Chip maker AMD said it was onshoring the development and manufacturing of its low-powered and high-density SeaMicro servers with NBS. Instead of offshoring the manufacturing of the SeaMicro microservers, AMD said, it "created hundreds of high-paying manufacturing jobs in Silicon Valley."

How Many Jobs: Hundreds, according to AMD.

Where: Methuen, Mass.

What: HD video encoding and modulation gear maker ZeeVee moved production of high-definition video distribution products from China back to the U.S. It hired Arizona-based manufacturing partner Suntron to do the same work at the company's Massachusetts-based facility.

How Many Jobs: ZeeVee's partnership with Suntron allowed the company to add 20 employees, according to a report from the Reshoring Initiative.